DEMOCRACY AND TAXATION IN GREECE: A long history of rural favouritism
- 30 Mar 2017
Greece established universal male suffrage in 1864, while it was still a developing pure agrarian economy, stimulating a shift in the implemented fiscal policy in favour of the rural population. In contrast, in more industrialised European economies, democratisation revealed the political preferences of a more urbanised electorate – mostly consisting of workers and middle class capitalists – leading to changes in fiscal policy that deviate significantly to those observed in an agrarian economy.
These are the conclusions of new research by Pantelis Kammas and Vassilis Sarantides, to be presented at the Economic History Society’s 2017 annual conference. Their study highlights the importance of economic development in the relationship between democracy and taxation, focusing mainly on the case of Greece during the nineteenth and early twentieth century.