The frequency of wars: reply to Gleditsch and Pickering

Mark Harrison, Nikolaus Wolf
Published Online:
16 Dec 2013
Volume/Issue No:
Volume 67 Issue 1

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We show that the frequency of bilateral militarized conflicts between independent states has indeed been rising steadily over the last century. We show that this finding is not driven by any selection bias in our data but a fact that needs to be explained. Finally we highlight our main contribution, namely that state formation and the capacity to fight are at the heart of the observed upward trend in conflicts.

© Economic History Society 2013

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